samedi 26 janvier 2013


jeudi 20 septembre 2012

Éliminer les inégalités entre les sexes

 Women and girls are more vulnerable to HIV.
We have to eliminate gender inequalities and gender-based abuse and violence and increase the capacity of women and girls to protect themselves from HIV by 2015

For a generation free from HIV

Together, we can contribute to a new generation free from HIV.
By 2015, chlidren everywhere can be born non infected with HIV.
Beleive it, do it. Renewing the promise to chlidren!

dimanche 9 septembre 2012

Migration, health care and HIV

Migrants, Hiv and lack of access to health services has been known to be a difficult topic to discuss mainly due to the complexity that surrounds different reporting methods used by different countries eg HIV prevalence, incidence etc, nonetheless it’s a subject worthy of discussion.
This article will try to establish the relationship that exists between lack of access to health services due to being a migrant and the rising number of new HIV cases, it shall also briefly elaborate some of the reasons why it’s important for receiving nations to provide better access and friendly health services to migrants.
Migration is a characteristic of mankind. People have migrated throughout history, but the migratory flows of the
last 30 years are distinct to those of the past in terms of magnitude and velocity. Approximately 192 million people (3% of the world’s population) were international migrants in 2006, of which 95 million were women [6]. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that the annual migratory increase is 2.9%. The United Nations (UN) defines as international migrant any person who changes his or her country of usual residence. Migrants could be classified according to the main reason of their migration (economic migrants, students, political refugees, environmental migrants, etc), the intended duration of the migration (temporary, permanent, intermittent), the boundaries of the process (internal migration vs. international ones) and the legal and administrative processes (regularized or ‘legal’ migrants vs. undocumented or ‘illegal’ ones).

Migrant populations are at a higher risk than the overall population for poor health in general and HIV infection in particular. There are several reasons for these phenomena, some of which are related directly to the effects of the socio-cultural patterns of the migrant situation. Others are related to economic transitions and changes in the availability and accessibility of health services, and the difficulty of the host country health systems to cope with the traditions and practices of migrants. In terms of these factors, HIV/AIDS is not different than other problems, but it is further complicated by the stigma attached to those infected with the virus.

It cannot be contended that refusing a certain group of society in this case migrants, access to health services is a clear violation of human rights and creates breeding ground for all sorts of diseases and HIV infection in particular.  Admittedly this lack of access to health services might not be as result of government’s refusal to treat migrants, it’s rather the unfriendly if not hostile health laws surrounding the health care system to migrants in different host countries. For example a migrant who is found to be HIV positive risks deportation or even worse detention pending deportation. In addition, as with other people living with HIV/AIDS, migrants who are HIV-positive are subject of stigmatization and discrimination, and therefore, they hide their HIV status as long as possible, thus making support services unavailable for them and the number of new HIV cases to reach astronomical levels.

In view of this it is important for host nations to provide health care systems that are migrant friendly in order to reverse the prejudice that has been created around health care for migrants. This will consequently reduce the number of new HIV cases and above all health and access to health is a right.

Health being a right and therefore an international issue, there is an urgent need for concerted political action by various groups such as academics, health professionals and institutions against this type of institutionalized discrimination and gross violation of human rights.

Finally it is also important to make known that access to health is a right and therefore an obligation on the part of governments and that is possible to provide fight HIV without violating human rights.

By Eric. Y-PEER Algeria
-migrant populations and HIV @unaids
-migrant: epidemiology of HIV and AIDS
-oxford monitor of forced migration,2011
-migrants and AIDS: risk management versus social control

10DoA. Day 06

Today, Y-PEER Algeria presented a great story written by our peer Yacine.
The story is entitled: “Red ribbon and treats” and it is about the life of a women living with HIV. The story is really touching and also concerns topics as: gender based violence, stigma, discrimination, prevention of transmission from mother to child. This story shows the perseverance of a woman in its fight against AIDS. A true example of a person who is full of hopes and who doesn’t let any obstacle to be stronger than her.
Said Sansal, representative of the organizing committee of the campaign talked to a national radio station about the 10DoA campaign.
Zahra, FPC , was invited to an online debate with TV channel to talk about accessibility of PLHIV to treatment and care.

Young women, girls and HIVA

Young women, girls and HIV
A special dedication to women and girls living with HIV and doing what they can to overcome huge obstacles, in order to lead a decent life. We will always stand by you.
According to UNAIDS, 1.2 million women and girls were newly infected with HIV in 2011. Every minute, in the world, a young women contracts HIV. The infection rates in young women aged between 15 and 24 years old are twice as high among men of the same age[1]. Few years ago, there were a balanced number of infections between men and women. There is a worrying change leading to a clear feminization of the epidemic.
Next to biological factors, women vulnerability is accentuated by the persistent inequalities caused by stereotypes and behaviors linked to traditions, customs, social and psychological pressures.
Illiteracy, ignorance, poverty, gender based violence namely: physical and emotional, forced sex, early marriage etc., economic dependence, unbalanced relations of powers, and social tolerance in favor of men due to inappropriate role distribution among families make women more vulnerable. These factors and others result in their inability to negotiate safe sex. They suffer from submission because they feel dependent and mostly afraid of being harmed, abandoned, left with no source of revenue or separated from their children. 
Consequently, many young women and girls face impossible situations that expose them to the risk of acquiring HIV. Many among them do not have access to information, prevention and health services and aren’t aware of the facilities at their disposal for screening, treatment and support related to HIV nor do they able to clearly identify their rights for protection and health, and in many other cases they are overwhelmed by fears and prefer to keep silent.
 The unfortunate and direct consequence of the obstacles women living with HIV face is inequality which ultimately forces them to engage in risky behaviors in order to survive and accomplish their role of care-giver  in the family. What’s more, many positive women and girls are not even aware of their infection. There are still a great number of young women who do not know their HIV status and will only discover it during antenatal checkups randomly in a pregancy.

“The doctor told me you have got AIDS, this means you are not a good person” WLHIV

Discrimination and stigma double sourness of young women infected and affected with HIV. Infected ones are always accused of practicing illegitimate sex while researches and assessments show that many women living with HIV especially in MENA region were infected in legal marriage[2] , in other cases they are fired from their work or rejected by family members while affected girls and young women are marginalized and put apart because they are linked to a person living with HIV.

“I live with my family. I do not have the right to ask for anything, except for eating and drinking.” Women living with HIV from Algeria[3]

It is also reasonable to think that the facts mentioned above, show just how important it is to put women at the center of all HIV actions campaign, it also justifies the need to have unity of purpose i.e reduce vulnerabilities, minimize risks and fight pressures inflected on women and girls.
The time has come to display all possible means to stop the spread of Aids and start inversing tendencies of the HIV infection. Young women of reproductive age should no longer die from Aids.
“At first, when they knew that I was infected, my family told me not to sleep or sit beside of my daughter. They took her from me” WLHIV

Information has to be available and accessible[4] to young women and girls as we believe that being misinformed is being vulnerable. Information should cover subjects related to sexual and reproductive health, prevention, treatment and laws. There should be zero tolerance for gender based violence. Women should be assisted and accompanied and oriented to any facility they might need. Countries should strengthen and emphasize on women empowerment mechanisms such as the socio-economic reinsertion and the creation of activities generating revenue.
Communities need to be mobilized and every individual has to be reached. Men and boys[5]  need to be actively involved to stand for women’s right for a world free from HIV.
Protecting women is an integral component of any successful AIDS strategy as shows UNAIDS agenda for an accelerated action among countries for women and girls. Civil society, governments and UN agencies can create an efficient response that stands on a universal concept of social justice toward the pillar of all societies, in all communities and cultures: women
By Zahra Benyahia. Y-PEER Algeria

[1] UNAIDS Fact sheet. 2012
[2] Standing up, speaking out. Women and HIV in the MENA. UNAIDS. 2012
[3] Standing up, Speaking up. Women and HIV in the MENA region. UNAIDS. 2012
[4] Accesible information. CrowdOutAIDS. 2012
[5] Together we will end AIDS. UNAIDS 2012

10 DoA. Day 07

The 7th day of the campaign was interesting in Algeria. Y-PEER presented a song to peers in different departments in our country dedicated to the 10 DoA and Zero target of UNAIDS. The song was created by young peer educators: Badis who wrote the lyrics and was a main singer and Omar who was responsible for music composition, recording and arrangement. Main objective was to promote youth leadership in what concerns them and also to strengthen youth engagement to reach the Zero target in the fight against AIDS. Enjoy the song and spread the 10 DoA messages around the world

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